Name short: VLCADD

Name long: Very long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency

Description: Very long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (VLCAD) deficiency (VLCADD) is an inherited disorder of mitochondrial long-chain fatty acid oxidation with a variable presentation including: cardiomyopathy, hypoketotic hypoglycemia, liver disease, exercise intolerance and rhabdomyolysis.

Incidence in the US 2001-2010: 380 in 28.6 million screens (10 cases per million).

Implicated genes:
Acyl-Coenzyme A dehydrogenase, very long chain, ACADVL


Variants in ACADVL (see gnomAD page):
total variable positions: 761
rare variants: 0
common variants: 0
Allele frequency of rare (<0.001) variants and the implied number of homozygotes and compound heterozygotes, per million births (under the naive assumption that gnomAD captures all variants present in the human population; PSC = premature stop codon):

Population All rare variants Rare, resulting in PSC Rare, not intronic and not silent Known disease related All presumably detrimental
all 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0
afr 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0
amr 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0
asj 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0
eas 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0
fin 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0
nfe 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0
oth 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0
sas 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0 0 => 0


Expected number of homozygotes/compound heterozygotes in a demographic profile close to the US, using all known (as in, listed in gnomAD) rare nontrivial variants as causative variants: 0.

Expected number of homozygotes/compound heterozygotes in a demographic profile close to the US, using all presumably harmful variants as causative variants: 0.

Enzyme structure. Representative chain shown as white cartoon, with positions of known mutations shown as red sticks. Blue: physiological ions. Pink: substrates and cofactors.



Total estimated number of casses per million (all presumably harmful variants): 0.

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